being dug is firm or hard, the digging and dumping points
are not too far apart, accurate dumping is required, and
c. Operating cycle.
The shovel operating
the dumping point is at the same level as the machine.
cycle consists of four steps: filling the dipper, swinging,
The shovel is used most efficiently when the area being
spotting the dump, and dumping. The shovel boom
worked is large enough to allow operation approaching
angle position is set before beginning operations in the
the maximum working ranges of the shovel attachment.