No. 2 Diesel, JP-8
Lubricating Oil Tank
Lubricating Oil Tank (Temperatures below -20.0 F (-29 C))
Lower Cylinder (Impact Block) Lubrication Fittings (four (4) locations)
Impact Hammer Gibs (four (4) locations)
Hammer Trip Assembly Gibs (four (4) locations)
Spotter Slide (two (2) locations)
Fuel Pump Lubrication Fitting
Oil Pump Lubrication Fitting
Kleen-Flo Tumbler Industries (Stock #789)
Automatic Transmission Fluid Dexron II/III or equivalent
THEORY OF OPERATION
There are five stages of operation for the impact hammer. To start the impact hammer, the
hammer line (main hoist) of the crane is used to lift the hammer trip assembly, which raises the
piston to a predetermined height. The hammer trip assembly then releases the piston, allowing
it to free-fall in the cylinder. After initial start-up, the following sequence occurs:
Purge. The piston falls under the force of gravity and accelerates downward. As
the piston falls, the air and/or gases in the cylinder are expelled through the
Compression. When the piston reaches the intake/exhaust port, the port is
closed, compressing the air in the lower cylinder.
Combustion. As the piston nears the end of its downstroke a combustion
chamber is created by the ring-shaped nose of the piston and the lower cylinder.
The fuel pump, connected to the combustion chamber, amplifies the gas
pressure compressed beneath the piston and delivers high pressure fuel to the
fuel injectors. Just before the piston strikes the impact block, the fuel pressure
overcomes the opening pressure of the fuel injectors, injecting atomized fuel into
the combustion chamber.
The fuel ignites (due to high compression
temperatures) and the piston strikes the impact block, transferring its kinetic
energy to the direct drive assembly. The combustion force drives the piston
upward and the impact block further downward.
Exhaust. As the piston rises in the cylinder and passes the intake/exhaust port,
the port is opened, allowing the exhaust gases to escape.
Intake. As the piston continues rising, fresh air is drawn into the lower cylinder
via the intake/exhaust port. Under the force of gravity, the piston decelerates on
the upward stroke until completely stopping at the top of the stroke. The piston
then begins to fall, starting the five-stage cycle again. The fuel pump recharges
and the cycle is repeated until the fuel supply is interrupted.